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Miradas sobre el presente: ensayos y sociología [A look at the present: essays and sociology]

Francisco Ayala (Granada, 1906 – Madrid, 2009), is a classic name among world literature of the 20th century. His role as a sociologist and essayist is, unfortunately, less known by the general public, despite its considerable value. For this reason, this anthology, edited the year of the centenary of his birth, aims to bring the reader closer to some of his most important essays and sociological articles on current issues or that offer us a clear interpretation on a number of relevant problems.

Doctor of Sociology at the Complutense University of Madrid, Alberto J. Ribes Leiva. was responsible for selecting the texts included in this volume. 

Materiales para una biografía [Material for a biography]

Dionisio Ridruejo was virtually exiled from public life after his return from the División Azul (Blue Division) in 1942. Materiales Para una Biografía includes letters and journals of his experience in Russia with the División Azul, as well as other works that reflect his profound intellectual strength and depth. Ridruejo wrote the most insightful and illuminating pages on the fascist phenomenon in Spain and was able to explain the steps between signing two verses of the Cara al Sol (Spanish Falange party Anthem) and supporting a ‘left-wing without rhetoric’.

Jordi Gracia, Professor of Literature at the University of Barcelona, and the author of several books on the intellectual history of Spain in the 20th century, was responsible for selecting the texts for this current volume. 

Casticismo, nacionalismo y vanguardia

This anthology of Ernesto Giménez Caballero (Madrid, 1899-1988) reflects a steel penned writer, with a risky style and a vocation for essay-writing that was fundamental in the Spanish literature of the ‘30s. He was the promoter of the so-called generation of ’27 and other young talented writers of the time. His literary work lay undiscovered due to his political commitments. Some of his works included in the present volume are Los Toros, Las Castañuelas y  la Virgen or Arte y Estado.

José Carlos Mainer, literary historian and critic, was responsible for selecting and writing the prologue of this work by one of the most important authors from the Spanish avant-garde movement.

Obra Literaria (2 vols) [Literary work]

These two volumes comprise the literary works of the Spanish painter, engraver and writer José Gutiérrez-Solana (Madrid, 1886 - 1945), who presents in his works the most sordid and degraded aspects of the Spain he knew. The first volume comprises the two series from Madrid, Escenas y Costumbres and the second La España Negra, Madrid Callejero, Dos Pueblos de Castilla,plus the novel Florencio Cornejo, which includes an introductory text with the superb prose by the Nobel winner Camilo José Cela.

The prologue includes the speech by Camilo José Cela made when he was admitted to the Real Academia Española, which concerns the literary works of Gutiérrez-Solana, as well as two extremely interesting articles on censorship and the editors of Solana’s work written by the writer himself.

Prosa [Prose]

This volume is dedicated to the Mexican group of writers known as the “Contemporáneos”, the most important during times of war and one of the most active in Hispano-America at the time. The origins of this group date from 1918 and its activity continued until the end of the thirties. The main characteristic of its members was their cosmopolitan conception of culture and the demanding avant-garde character of their literary production, which was matched with the New Spanish Art or the leading European writers of the time.

Domingo Ródenas wrote the extraordinary prologue and chose the selection of works for this volume which includes the following authors: Salvador Novo, Gilberto Owen, Jaime Torres Bodet, Jorge Cuesta, José Martínez Sotomayor, José Gorostiza y Xavier Villaurrutia.

Obra crítica [Critical works]

This anthology is of the work of Enrique Díez-Canedo (Badajoz, 1879 – Cuernavaca, México, 1944), one of the best literary critics in the history of Spain and one of the most influential intellectual personalities from the early decades of the 20th century. A poet, essayist, professor of art, French language and literature, translator and journalist, his critiques are indispensable for the study of the first third of the Spanish literature of the 20th century.

This volume comprises theatrical critiques which were fundamental in comprehending the evolution of Spanish play-writing during the inter-war period, as well as literary studies, texts and biographical sketches of the most noteworthy writers of his time. Alberto Sánchez Álvarez-Insúa was responsible for both the selection of works and the introduction.

Obras [Works]

This anthology features the works of Mauricio Bacarisse (Madrid, 1895-1931), a poet and novelist from Spain’s “Silver Age”, and including one of his best-known works: Los Terribles Amores de Agliberto y Celedonia, one of the most intelligent and ironic novels of that time. Furthermore, his more radical poems are included, as well as some journalistic collaborations never before published, and which are very important for further understanding the fascination this modern novelist had of love, women and the state of imperfection.

Jordi Gracia, Professor at the University of Barcelona and specialist in writers from the generation of ’27, the Civil War and the post-war period, was responsible for the text selection and introduction.

Antología [Anthology]

This anthology comprises some of the most magnificent and beautiful texts written by the painter Ramón Gaya (Murcia, 1910 - Valencia, 2005) throughout his long life. One of the most original Spanish writers of the 20th century, his inspired writings are difficult to categorize although easy to read. This volume consists of essays, critiques, poems, travel notes, letters and journal fragments that demonstrate the narrative solidity and depth of thought of this multifaceted artist.

Andrés Trapiello, a poet and writer from León collected and wrote the prologue for all texts included in this volume.

Memorias [Memoirs]

This publication features an anthology of the memoirs of Alberto Insúa (La Habana, 1883 - Madrid, 1963), a journalist, playwright and novelist, who was educated in the modern and post-modern school and close to gallantry poetry. It covers the daily life of the authors of the time, as well as dramatic times in history, art and the social era that were highly resonant in Spain, as well as throughout the rest of the world. These experiences are related to cubanism, miscegenation and the impact of the 1898 disaster, as well as to important journalistic chronicles.

Santiago Fortuño Llorens, Professor of Spanish Literature at the Jaume I University of Castellón, was responsible for making this selection, as well as being the author of the preliminary study and the bibliographic compilation.

Ensayos literarios [Literary essays]

Antonio Marichalar (Logroño, 1893 - Madrid, 1973) was a collaborator for the newspaper El Sol, the Revista de Occidente and a contributor to Escorial magazine. In 1933 he published his only book of literary essays: Mentira Desnuda, recovered by the Fundamental Works Collection, together with the opuscules Palma ( 1923) and Girola (1926) and a large selection of essays written between 1923 and 1947 on the role of the critic and the direction of modern literature.

Domingo Ródenas, Professor at the University Pompeu Fabra of Barcelona, was responsible for the selection of these works, as well as the author of the biography and accompanying bibliography.

Antología [Anthology]

A representative sample of the literary works of Samuel Ros (Valencia, 1904 - Madrid, 1945) – politician, journalist, playwright and humanist – containing a majority of his stories, including his novel: Los Vivos y los Muertos, his most successful play – En el Otro Cuarto – and a varied sample of his journalistic articles written between 1941 and 1944.

Medardo Fraile was in charge of selecting the works, a famous master of narrative and stories, and who also wrote the introduction, the bibliographical notes and the bibliography.

Cuentos completos [Complete stories]

This volume comprises three novels published by Mercè Rodoreda (Barcelona, 1908 - Gerona, 1983): Veintidós Cuentos (1958) Mi Cristina y Otros Cuentos (1967) and Parecía de Seda y Otras Narraciones (1978), while she was still living. The reader thus has the possibility of discovering or verifying that, apart from being an important novelist, Mercè Rodoreda was also a highly original novelist who exuded a strong personality in her work.

The volume also includes the text: La Rodoreda que Conocí, written by Joaquim Molas, an extensive prologue by Carmen Arnau entitled Los Cuentos de Mercè Rodoreda: Espejos y Espejismos and a bibliography  by Eulalia Miret u Raspall.

Poetas del Novecientos  [Poets from the 1900s]

A two-volume edition that aims to demonstrate how, during the first decades of the 20th century, there were many more memorable poets than those already well known. The first volume includes the works of twenty poets, ranging from Fernando Fortún to Rafael Porlán while the second volume includes twenty-three poets, ranging from Guillermo de Torre to Ramón Gaya. Furthermore, a study of each author is included which places them in context, as well as in relation to their poetic works, plus a bibliography.

The anthologist of the volume is José Luis García Martín, poet, literary critic and University Professor at the University of Oviedo, author of the superb prologue to this anthology and responsible for the selections.

Poesía Ccompleta. Prosa escogida [Complete poetry. Selected prose]

The complete poetry and prose of Antonio Espina (Madrid, 1894 - 1972) is collected in two volumes. This author is very original and creative with a strong personality. Volume I comprises his books of verses: Umbrales (1918) and Signario (1923), together with a poetry compilation which, in the most part, has not been reedited. In Volume II, his more representative prose is featured with a selection of his books: Divagaciones, Desdén (1919), Pájaro pinto (1927), Luna de copas (1929), and his most popular book, Luis Candelas, el Bandido de Madrid (1930).

Gloria Rey Falgados was responsible for making this selection, and wrote the introductions to both volumes.

Novela [Novel]

This collection comprises two of the most outstanding novels produced by Nicasio Pajares (Padrón, 1881 - Madrid, 1956), El Conquistador de los Trópicos and Cómo Pervirtieron a Palleiros, both of which clearly reflect the notable literary quality of the author. The work of this novelist, playwright and journalist, –an occupation he maintained until his death, –was strongly influenced by the impact of immigration.

The Spanish writer, literary critic and columnist, Juan Manuel de Prada was in charge of the selection and the author of the prologue to this volume.

Novela (2 vols) [Novel]

The eight novels written by Silverio Lanza, the heteronym of Juan Bautista Amorós (Madrid, 1856 – Getafe, 1912) are collected in these two volumes. In the first volume his most lengthy volumes are gathered –Artuña (1893) and his masterpiece, La Rendición de Santiago (1907) –while the second volume contains his six other novels –Mala Cuna y Mala Fosa, Noticias Biográficas Acerca del Excmo. Sr. Marqués de Mantillo, Ni en la Vida, ni en la Muerte, Desde la Quilla Hasta el Tope, Los Gusanos y Medicina Rústica.

The writer, literary critique and columnist from Vizcaya, Juan Manuel de Prada, was responsible for selecting the texts to be included in both volumes, as well as writing the prologue which helps us to understand the work of Amorós.