The year 2022 marks two hundred years since the culmination of several independence movements in Latin America, beginning with that of Colombia in 1810. Throughout 1821, Central American countries such as Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama became independent republics after more than three centuries of belonging to the Hispanic Monarchy. Although the process continued in subsequent years and ended after the loss of the last overseas territories (Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines) in 1898, Carmen Iglesias believes that "it is worth revisiting those moments in order to interpret them in the light of current visions and contributions".